Dravidian Politics-3.


All Members,

         Respected family members of this great holy Nation.

Sub : Dravidian Politics-3.

7.Formation of DMK and ADMK:

After the defeat of Justice Party in elections of 1937 it sought help from Periyar and he changed it to Dravidar Kazhagam. He decided not to involve in politics which would lead to compromise his principles and so he withdrew it from parliamentary politics.



Birth of DMK:

In 1947, when India attained independence, Periyar called for members of the Dravidar Kazhagam to boycott the celebrations. According to him, the Indian National Congress was dominated by Brahmins. He predicted that an independent India would bring South Indians, especially Tamils, under the dominance of Brahmins and North Indians.


In other words, according to Periyar, independence would lead to the replacement of British dominance with Brahmin and North Indian dominance. He felt an independent nation called Dravida Nadu for the South Indians would be the best solution. Periyar declared 15 August 1947, the day of Indian Independence, as a day of mourning.This move was opposed by other leaders within the party, including C. N. Annadurai.

Periyar with Maniyammai

Annadurai viewed independence as an achievement for all of India rather than solely of the Aryan North. On 9 July 1948 Periyar married woman 40 years his junior, leading to a split in the party. The leaders of the splitting faction eventually formed a new party, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or DMK (Progressive Dravidian Organisation in English), in 1949.

Birth of ADMK:

M. G. Ramachandran, popularly known as MGR, was an actor in tamil Cinema and a well known propagator of Dravidian ideologies in his movies since 1953. In the 1970's as the then treasurer of DMK, he played a vital part in popularizing the party, bringing many of his fans as supporters.

A political feud between MGR and the party's president M.Karunanidhi had been ongoing since the death of Annadurai in 1969. Soon after the electoral victory of DMK in 1971, some of senior members expressed concern that MGR's popularity was growing strong within the party cadres.

Karunanidhi made several attempts to weaken MGR's position within the party. MGR retaliated with corruption charges and a call for a boycott of the party's General Council. DMK’s General Council suspended MGR from the party stating that he had involved himself in "anti party activities". Although MGR had lost support from top-ranking leaders within the DMK, the strong public reaction following his suspension demonstrated his popular support within the party's volunteers.

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  To be continued....

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