Showing posts from June, 2015

Dr.Verghese Kurien : "Father of the White Revolution", - (Operation Flood) : Award or Honor

Year        Name of Award or Honor                               Awarding Organization

1999Padma Vibhushan                                               Government of India

1993International Person of the Year Award               World Dairy Expo

1991Distinguished Alumni Award                               Michigan State University.

1989World Food Prize                                              World Food Prize, USA.

1986Wateler Peace Prize Award                               Carnegie Foundation, The Netherlands.

1986Krushi Ratna Award                                       Government of India.

1966Padma Bhushan                                               Government of India.

1965Padma Shri                                                       Government of India.

1963Ramon Magsaysay Award                                Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation.


Dr.Verghese Kurien : "Father of the White Revolution", - (Operation Flood). (d). 2. & (e).

d. Film and its use in enlarging the movement : 2.

The movie's success gave Kurien another idea.

Like shown in the film, a vet, a milk technician and a fodder specialist who could explain the value of cross-breeding of milk cattle would tour other parts of the country along with the film's prints, to woo farmers there to create cooperatives of their own.

UNDP would use the movie to start similar cooperatives in Latin America.

e.  Personal life, family and beliefs :

Verghese married Molly and they had one daughter Nirmala Kurien and a grandson, Siddharth.

He was an atheist.

Verghese Kurien died on 9 September 2012 after a brief spell of illness in Nadiad, near Anand in Gujarat, India.

He was 90. His wife Molly died on 14 December 2012 in Mumbai after a brief illness.

To be continued   ....

Dr.Verghese Kurien : "Father of the White Revolution", - (Operation Flood). (d). 1.

d. Film and its use in enlarging the movement : 1.

Veteran film-maker Shyam Benegal, then an advertising executive with Lintas Advertising, produced Manthan (the churning of the 'milk ocean'), a story set in the cooperative milk movement in India.

Not able to finance it, Benegal was helped by Kurien who hit upon an idea of getting each of his half a million member farmers to contribute a token two rupees for the making of the movie.

Upon its release, truckloads of farmers came to see "their" film, making it a success at the box office.

Manthan hit a chord with the audience immediately when it was shown in Gujarat in 1976, which impressed distributors to release it before audiences, nationwide.

It was critically acclaimed and went on to win national awards the following year and was later shown on television to the public.

To be continued  ....

Dr.Verghese Kurien : "Father of the White Revolution", - (Operation Flood). (c). 3.

(c). Career : 3.

As the 'Amul dairy experiment' was replicated in Gujarat's districts in the neighbourhood of Anand, Kurien set all of them up under GCMMF in 1973 to sell the combined produce of the dairies under a single Amul brand.

Today GCMMF sells Amul products not only in India but also overseas.

He quit the post of GCMMF chairman in 2006 following disagreement with the GCMMF management.

When the National Dairy Development Board expanded the scope of Operation Flood to cover the entire country in its Phase 2 program in 1979: Kurien founded the Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA).

Kurien, played a key role in many other organisations, like chairing the Viksit Bharat Foundation, a body set up by the President of India.

Kurien was mentioned by the Ashoka Foundation as one of the eminent present Day Social Entrepreneurs. Kurien's life story is chronicled in his memoir I Too Had a Dream.

Interestingly Kurien, the person who revolutionised the availability of mi…

Dr.Verghese Kurien : "Father of the White Revolution", - (Operation Flood). (c). 2.

(c). Career : 2.

Tribhuvandas Patel's sincere and earnest efforts inspired Kurien to dedicate himself to the challenging task before them, so much so, that when Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was to visit Anand later to inaugurate Amul's plant, he embraced Kurien for his groundbreaking work.

Meanwhile, Kurien's buddy and dairy expert H. M. Dalaya, invented the process of making skim milk powder and condensed milk from buffalo milk instead of from cow milk.

This was the reason Amul would compete successfully and well against Nestle which only used cow milk to make them.

In India, buffalo milk is the main raw material unlike Europe where cow milk is abundant.

The Amul pattern of cooperatives became so successful, that in 1965 Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, created the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) to replicate the program nationwide citing Kurien's "extraordinary and dynamic leadership" upon naming him chairman.

To be continued  ...

Dr.Verghese Kurien : "Father of the White Revolution", - (Operation Flood). (c). 1.

(c). Career : 1.

Kurien arrived back from the United States to India after his master's degree, and was quickly deputed to the Government of India's experimental creamery, at Anand in Gujarat's Kheda district by the government and rather half-heartedly served out his bond period against the scholarship given by them.

He arrived at Anand on Friday 13 May 1949 and started the work assigned to him the very same day.

He had already made up his mind to quit mid-way, but was persuaded to stay back at Anand by Tribhuvandas Patel (who would later share the Magsaysay with him) who had brought together Kheda's farmers as a cooperative union to process and sell their milk, a pioneering concept at the time.

He would brook no meddling from the political class or bureaucrats sitting in the capital cities, letting it be known upfront, though he, and his mentor and colleague, Tribhuvandas Patel were backed by the few enlightened political leaders and bureaucrats of the early Independ…

Dr.Verghese Kurien : "Father of the White Revolution", - (Operation Flood). (b).

(b). Early life and education :

Kurien was born on 26 November 1921 at Calicut (now Kozhikode, Kerala) into a Syrian Christian family.

His father was a civil surgeon in Cochin, Kerala.

He graduated in Physics from Loyola College, Madras in 1940 and then obtained his Bachelors in mechanical engineering from the College of Engineering, Guindy affiliated to University of Madras.

After completing his degree, he joined the Tata Steel Technical Institute, Jamshedpur from where he graduated in 1946.

Subsequently, he went to the United States on a Government of India scholarship to earn a Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (Distinction) from Michigan State University in 1948.

Next : (c).Career :

To be continued  ......

Dr.Verghese Kurien : "Father of the White Revolution", - (Operation Flood). (a).2.

(a). Introduction : 2.

He made the country self-sufficient in edible oils too later on, taking the powerful and entrenched oil supplying lobby head-on.

He founded around 30 institutions of excellence (like AMUL, GCMMF, IRMA, NDDB) which are owned, managed by farmers and run by professionals.

As the founding chairman of the Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF), Kurien was responsible for the creation and success of the Amul brand of dairy products.

A key achievement at Amul was the invention of milk powder processed from buffalo milk (abundant in India), as opposed to that made from cow-milk, in the then major milk producing nations.

This led Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri to appoint him the founder-chairman of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1965, to replicate Amul's "Anand model" nationwide.

He is regarded as one of the greatest proponents of the cooperative movement in the world, his work having lifted millions out of poverty in India,…

Dr.Verghese Kurien : "Father of the White Revolution", - (Operation Flood). (a).1.

(a). Introduction : 1.

Verghese Kurien (26 November 1921 – 9 September 2012)

was a renowned Indian social entrepreneur and is best known as the

"Father of the White Revolution",

for his 'billion-litre idea' (Operation Flood)

– the world's largest agricultural development programme.

This transformed India from a milk-deficient nation to the world's largest milk producer, surpassing the United States of America in 1998,with about 17 percent of global output in 2010–11, which in 30 years doubled the milk available to every person.

Dairy farming became India's largest self-sustaining industry.

To be continued  ....

Ever-green Revolution is the only pathway: Dr.MS Swaminathan : 8.

Going by past experience, drought in most parts of the country and flood in Assam are the usual meteorological events of public and political concern during the month of July.

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) classifies monsoon behaviour into 5 categories – Deficient (less than 90% of Long Period Average or LPA).

Below Normal (90 to 96%), Near Normal (96-104%), Above Normal (104-110%) and Excess (above 110%).

This year, the July rainfall nationally has been 20 percent less than normal and the Government of India has announced a ` 1900 crore relief package, besides arrangements for drinking water supply.

Diesel subsidy and subsidised seed distribution are two major components of the package.

Diesel subsidy will help those who have tube wells or lift irrigation facilities, while seed subsidy will be meaningful if the right kind of seed, fit for late sowing, is available.

Andhra Pradesh has a long coast and hence opportunities for sea water farming and for establishing “Fish fo…

Ever-green Revolution is the only pathway: Dr.MS Swaminathan : 7.

On the other hand, the onus for employment still remains with the farm sector.

This explains why there is widespread poverty in the country.

There is a limit to what the farm sector can contribute particularly under conditions where only 40 per cent of the cultivated area has irrigation facilities and extreme weather events like drought and flood are becoming more frequent.

There is fortunately considerable scope for enlarging opportunities in the services sector.

To cite one example, the introduction of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (MGNREGA) has created scarcity of labour foragriculture.

This is therefore an opportune time for the technological upgradation of small farm agriculture using relevant machinery.
Agricultural mechanisation will help generate more jobs in the services sector.

Apart from ensuring timeliness of operations, mechanisation will also help attract youth in farming and reduce drudgery for women.

To be continued   ...