Because Swaminathan's family had planned a government career for him, he dutifully took and passed the Indian government's civil service examinations.
He was offered a management job in India's national police force, but at the same time, in 1949, he got word that he had won a U.N. Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) fellowship to continue his education overseas.
He spent a year studying plant genetics at the University of Wageningen in the Netherlands and then moved on to Cambridge University in England, where he earned a Ph.D. in 1952.
His doctoral thesis dealt with the genetic structures of certain potato species.
To be continued ....